Change data door-enter
Prof. Dr. Christoph Leuschner
Foto Prof. Dr. Christoph Leuschner


Abteilung Ökologie und Ökosystemforschung

Georg-August University of Göttingen

Untere Karspüle 2, Grisebachstr. 1/1a
37073 /37077 Göttingen

Telephone:+49 551 39 5718
Fax:+49 551 39 5701
Office hours:Vorlesungszeit 11-13 Uhr donnerstags
Research interests

1) Ecophysiology of temperate and tropical trees (carbon, water and nutrient relations)
2) Ecology of tree root systems
3) Forest dynamics research
4) Climate change effects on temperate and tropical forests
5) Biodiversity and ecosystem function in forests
6) Ecology of the tropical timberline
7) Vegetation ecology of Central Europe (Synthesis)
8) Conservation of biodiversity in agroecosystems

Curriculum vitae


1994 Habilitation in Botany at the University of Göttingen (Faculty of Biology), Germany (venia legendi)

1983 - 1986 PhD study at the Systematisch-Geobotanisches Institut, University of Göttingen, Germany
Degree obtained: Dr. rer. nat.
Thesis title: Microclimatological and physiological studies on rainfall interception in herbaceous plant communities

1983 - 1984 Postgraduate studies program in Water Ressources Research, University of Hannover, Germany

1979 - 1983 Study of Geography at the Universities of Freiburg/Br. and Göttingen, Germany

1978 - 1982 Study of Biology an the Universities of Freiburg/Br. and Göttingen, Germany
Degrees obtained: Dipl.-Biol. Univ and Dipl.-Geogr. Univ.

1975 High School graduation: Allgemeine Hochschulreife, in Hamburg, Germany

Work experience:

2000 - dato Full Professorship in Plant Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Göttingen, Germany
1996 - 2000 Full Professorship in Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Kassel, Germany
1994/1996 Senior lecturer (Private docent) at the Faculty of Biology, University of Göttingen, Germany
1991 - 1994 Scientific Assistant at the Department of Plant Ecology, University of Göttingen, Germany
1991/1992 Visiting scientist at the University of Hawaii, USA, and Université de la Réunion, France
1988 - 1991 Postdoc at the University of Göttingen, Germany
1986 - 1988 Postdoc at the University of Kiel, Germany

Scientific duties and serviceship:

2000 - dato Director of the New Botanical Garden (Experimental Botanical Garden), University of Göttingen, Germany
2000 - dato Chair of the Göttingen Centre for Biodiversity and Ecology (GCBE), Germany

Co-Editor of Journal of Vegetation Science (JVS)
Member of the Editorial Board of several journals (including Basic and Applied Ecology, European J. Forest Research, Phytocoenologia and others)


List of all publications (pdf file)

Publications (2011 until now)
With peer review (Journal articles and book chapters)

in press

282) Schuldt B, Knutzen F, Delzon S, Jansen S, Müller-Haubold H, Burlett R, Clough Y, Leuschner C (in press) How adaptable is the hydraulic system of European beech in the face of climate change-related precipitation reduction? New Phytologist.


281) Camenzind T, Homeier J, Dietrich K, Hempel S, Hertel D, Krohn A, Leuschner C, Oelmann Y, Olsson PA, Suárez JP, Rillig MC (2016) Opposing effects of nitrogen versus phosphorus additions on mycorrhizal fungal abundance along an elevational gradient in tropical montane forests. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 94: 37-47.

280) Coners H, Babel W, Willinghöfer S, Biermann T, Köhler L, Seeber E, Foken T, Miehe G, Ma Y, Yang Y, Miehe G, Leuschner C (2016) Evapotranspiration and water balance of high-elevation grassland on the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Hydrology 533: 557-566.

279) Dulamsuren C, Klinge M, Degener J, Khishigjargal M, Chenlemuge T, Bat-Enerel B, Yeruult Y, Sain-Dondov D, Ganbaatar K, Tsogtbaatar J, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2015) Carbon pool densities and a first estimate of the total carbon pool in the Mongolian forest-steppe. Global Change Biology 22: 830-844.

278) Kotowska MM, Leuschner C, Triadiati T, Hertel D (2016) Conversion of tropical lowland forest reduces nutrient return through litterfall, and alters nutrient use efficiency and seasonality of net primary production. Oecologia 180: 601-618.

277) Meier IC, Leuschner C, Marini E, Fender A-C (2016) Species-specific effects of temperate trees on greenhouse gas exchange of forest soil are diminished by drought. Soil Biology Biochemistry 95: 122-134.


276) Bade C, Jacob M, Jungkunst HF, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2015) Nitrogen mineralization peaks under closed canopy during the natural forest development cycle of an old-growth temperate spruce forest. Annals of Forest Science 72: 67-76.

275) Bade C, Jacob M, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2015) Chemical properties of decaying wood in an old-growth spruce forest and effects on soil chemistry. Biogeochemistry 122: 1-13.

274) Carate D, Leuschner C, Homeier J (2015) Performance of seedlings of a shade-tolerant tropical tree species after moderate addition of N and P. Frontiers in Earth Science 3: 75.

273) Chenlemuge T, Dulamsuren C, Hertel D, Schuldt B, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2015) Hydraulic properties and fine root mass of Larix sibirica along forest edge-interior gradients. Acta Oecologica 63: 28-35.

272) Chenlemuge T, Schuldt B, Dulamsuren C, Hertel D, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2015) Stem increment and hydraulic architecture of a boreal conifer (Larix sibirica) under contrasting macroclimates. Trees 29, 623-636.

271) Feßel C, Meier IC, Leuschner C (2015) Relationship between species diversity, biomass and light transmittance in 31 temperate semi-natural grasslands: Is productivity enhanced by complementary light use? Journal of Vegetation Science 27:144-155.

270) Hajek P, Seidel D, Leuschner C (2015) Mechanical abrasion, and not competition for light, is the dominant canopy interaction in a temperate mixed forest. Forest Ecology and Management 348: 108-116.

269) Jacob A, Leuschner C (2015) Complementarity in the use of nitrogen forms in a temperate broad-leaved mixed forest. Plant Ecology and Diversity 8: 243-258

268) Knutzen F, Meier IC, Leuschner C (2015) Does reduced precipitation trigger physiological and morphological drought adaptations in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.)? Comparing provenances across a precipitation gradient. Tree Physiology 35: 949-963.

267) Köhler L, Leuschner C, Hauck M, Hertel D (2015) Cloud water interception and element deposition differ largely between Norway spruce stands along an elevation transect in Harz Mountains, Germany. Ecohydrology  8: 1048-1064.

266) Kotowska MM, Leuschner C, Triadiati T, Meriem S, Hertel D (2015) Quantifying above- and belowground biomass carbon loss with forest conversion in tropical lowlands of Sumatra (Indonesia). Global Change Biology 21: 3620-3634.

265) Krause B, Culmsee H, Wesche K, Leuschner C (2015) Historical and recent fragmentation of temperate floodplain grasslands: do patch size and distance affect plant species richness of wet meadows? Folia Geobotanica 50: 253-266.

264) Kubisch P, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2015) Do ectomycorrhizal and arbuscular mycorrhizal temperate tree species systematically differ in root order based fine root morphology and biomass? Frontiers in Plant Science 6: 64.

263) Kurzatowski D, Leuschner C, Homeier J (2015) Effects of flooding on trees in the semi-deciduous transition forests of the Araguaia floodplain, Brazil. Acta Oecologica 69: 21-30.

262) Liang E, Leuschner C, Dulamsuren C, Wagner B, Hauck M (2015) Global warming-related tree growth decline and mortality on the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau. Climatic Change 134: 163-176.

261) Lübbe T, Schuldt B, Coners H, Leuschner C (2015) Species diversity and identity effects on the water consumption of tree sapling assemblages under ample and limited water supply. Oikos 125: 86-97.

260) Lübbe T, Schuldt B, Leuschner C (2015) Species identity and neighbor size surpass the impact of tree species diversity on productivity in experimental broad-leaved tree sapling assemblages under dry and moist conditions. Frontiers in Plant Science 6: 857.

259) Meyer S, Bergmeier E, Becker T, Wesche K, Krause B, Leuschner C (2015) Detecting long-term losses at the plant community level – arable fields in Germany revisited. Applied Vegetation Science 18: 432-442.

258) Meyer S, Wesche K, Hans J, Leuschner C, Albach DC (2015) Landscape complexity has limited effects on the genetic structure of two arable weed species, Adonis vernalis and Consolida regalis. Weed Research 55: 406-415.

257) Müller-Hauboldt H, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2015) Climatic drivers of mast fruiting in European beech and resulting C and N allocation shifts. Ecosystems 18: 1083-1100.

256) Scheibe A, Steffens C, Seven J, Jacob A, Hertel D, Leuschner C, Gleixner G (2015) Effects of tree species identity dominate over tree diversity on the soil microbial community structure. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 81: 219-227.

255) Seifert C, Leuschner C, Culmsee H (2015) Arable plant diversity on conventional cropland – The role of crop species, management and environment. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 213: 151-163.

254) Seifert C, Leuschner C, Culmsee H (2015) Short rotation coppice as habitat for vascular plants. In: Butler-Manning D, Bemmann A, Bredemeier M, Lamersdorf N, Ammer C (eds) Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany. pp. 63-78.

253) Steffen K, Leuschner C (2015) Sixty years of change in the macrophyte vegetation of north-west German running waters: a community- and landscape-level analysis. Feddes Repertorium 125: 98-120.

252) Sutcliffe L, Batary P, Becker T, Orci KM, Leuschner C (2015) Both local and landscape factors determine plant and Orthoptera diversity in the semi-natural grasslands of Transylvania, Romania. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 229-245.

251) Sutcliffe L, Batáry P, Kormann U, Báldi A, Dicks LV, Herzon I, Kleijn D, Tryjanowski P, Apostolova I, Arlettaz R, Aunins A, Aviron S, Baležentienė L, Fischer C, Halada L, Hartel T, Helm A, Hristov I, Jelaska SD, Kaligarič M, Kamp J, Klimek S, Koorberg P, Kostiuková J, Kovács-Hostyánszki A, Kuemmerle T, Leuschner C, Lindborg R, Loos J, Maccherini S, Marja R, Máthé O, Paulini I, Proença V, Rey-Benayas J, Sans FX, Seifert C, Stalenga J, Timaeus J, Török P, van Swaay C, Viik E, Tscharntke T (2015) Harnessing the biodiversity value of Central and Eastern European farmland. Diversity and Distributions 21: 722-730.

250) Tapia-Armijos MF, Homeier J, Espinosa CI, Leuschner C, de la Cruz M (2015) Deforestation and forest fragmentation in South Ecuador since the 1970s – Losing a hotspot of biodiversity. PLOS ONE 10: e0133701.

249) Wagner B, Eryuan L, Xiaoxia L, Choimaa D, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2015) Carbon pools of semi-arid Picea crassifolia forests in the Qilian Mountains (north-eastern Tibetan Plateau). Forest Ecology and Management 343: 136-143.

248) Wittich B, Homeier J, Leuschner C (2015) Ammonium, nitrate and glycine uptake of six Ecuadorian tropical montane forest tree species: an in situ pot experiment with saplings. Journal of Tropical Ecology 31: 139-152.

247) Zimmermann J, Hauck M, Dulamsuren C, Leuschner C (2015) Climate warming-related growth decline affects Fagus sylvatica, but not other broad-leaved tree species in Central European mixed forests. Ecosystems 18: 560-572.


246) Babel W, Biermann T, Coners H, Falge E, Seeber E, Ingrisch J, Schleuß P-M, Gerken T, Leonbacher J, Leipold T, Willinghöfer S, Schützenmeister K, Shibistova O, Becker L, Hafner S, Spielvogel S, Li X, Xu X, Sun Y, Zhang L, Yang Y, Ma Y, Wesche K, Graf H-F, Leuschner C, Guggenberger G, Kuzyakov Y, Miehe G, Foken T (2014) Pasture degradation modifies the water and carbon cycles of the Tibetan highlands. Biogeosciences 11: 6633-6656.

245) Carsjens C, Ngoc Quynh N, Knutzen F, Meier IC, Müller M, Finkeldey R, Leuschner C, Polle A (2014) Intra-specific variations in expression of stress-related genes in beech progenies are stronger than drought-induced responses. Tree Physiology 34: 1348-1361.

244) Culmsee H, Schmidt M, Schmiedel I, Schacherer A, Meyer P, Leuschner C (2014) Predicting the distribution of forest habitat types using indicator species to facilitate systematic conservation planning. Ecological Indicators 37: 131-144.

243) Dittrich S, Jacob M, Bade C, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2014) The significance of deadwood for total bryophyte, lichen and vascular plant diversity in an old-growth spruce forest. Plant Ecology 215: 1123-1137.

242) Dulamsuren C, Khishigjargal M, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2014) Response of tree-ring width to climate warming and selective logging in larch forests of the Mongolian Altai. Journal of Plant Ecology 7: 24-38.

241) Hajek P, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2014) Root order- and root age-dependent response of two poplar species to belowground competition. Plant and Soil 377: 337-355.

240) Hajek P, Leuschner C, Hertel D, Delzon S, Schuldt B (2014) Trade-offs between xylem hydraulic properties, wood anatomy and yield in Populus. Tree Physiology 34: 744-756.

239) Hauck M, Dulamsuren C, Badamdorj B, Kaman U, Ulzhan B, Erdenechuluun O, Sergei T, Tojoo E, Agadil S, Ulagvan B, Leuschner C (2014) Relationships between the diversity patterns of vascular plants, lichens and invertebrates in the Central Asian forest-steppe ecotone. Biodiversity and Conservation 23: 1105-1117.

238) Hoeber S, Leuschner C, Koehler L, Arias-Aguilar D, Schuldt B (2014) The importance of hydraulic conductivity and wood density to growth performance in eight tree species from a tropical semi-dry climate. Forest Ecology and Management 330: 126-136.

237) Hötker H, Dierschke V, Flade M, Leuschner C (2014) Diversitätsverluste in der Brutvogelwelt des Acker- und Grünlands. Natur und Landschaft 89: 410-416.

236) Jacob A, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2014) Diversity and species identity effects on fine root productivity and turnover in a species-rich temperate broad-leaved forest. Functional Plant Biology 41: 678-789.

235) Khishigjargal M, Dulamsuren C, Leuschner HH, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2014) Climate effects on inter- and intra-annual larch stemwood anomalies in the Mongolian forest-steppe. Acta Oecologica 55: 113-121.

234) Krause B, Wesche K, Culmsee H, Leuschner C (2014) Diversitätsverluste und floristischer Wandel im Grünland seit 1950. Natur und Landschaft 89: 399-404.

233) Legner N, Fleck S, Leuschner C (2014) Within-canopy variation in photosynthetic capacity, SLA and foliar N in temperate broad-leaved trees with contrasting shade tolerance. Trees 28: 263-280.

232) Leuschner C, Krause B, Meyer S, Bartels M (2014) Strukturwandel im Acker- und Grünland Niedersachsens und Schleswig-Holsteins seit 1950. Natur  und Landschaft 89: 386-391.

231) Leuschner C, Wulf M, Bäuchler P, Hertel D (2014) Forest continuity as a key determinant of soil carbon and nutrient storage in beech forests on sandy soils in Northern Germany. Ecosystems 17: 497-511.

230) Meier IC, Leuschner C (2014) Nutrient dynamics along a precipitation gradient in European beech forests. Biogeochemistry 120: 51-69.

229) Meyer S, Hoeber S, Nehring S, Leuschner C (2014) Konsequenzen des Bioenergiepflanzenanbaus für die Segetalvegetation. Natur und Landschaft 89: 429-433.

228) Meyer S, van Elsen T, Blümlein B, Kaerlein M, Metzner J, Gottwald F, Wehke S, Dietrich M, Wahmhoff W, Stock R, Leuschner C (2014) Agrobiodiversitätsschutz durch Schutzäcker. Das Projekt „100 Äcker für die Vielfalt“. Natur und Landschaft 89: 434-441.

227) Meyer S, Wesche K, Krause B, Brütting C, Hensen I, Leuschner C 2014. Diversitätsverluste und floristischer Wandel im Ackerland seit 1950. Natur und Landschaft 89: 392-398.

226) Mölder I, Leuschner C (2014) European beech grows better and is less drought sensitive in mixed than in pure stands: tree neighbourhood effects on radial increment. Trees 28: 777-792.

225) Moser G, Schuldt B, Hertel D, Horna V, Coners H, Barus H, Leuschner C (2014) Replicated throughfall exclusion experiment in an Indonesian perhumid rainforest: wood production, litter fall and fine root growth under simulated drought. Global Change Biology 20: 1481-1497.

224) Schleuß P-M, Heitkamp F, Leuschner C, Fender A-C, Jungkunst HF (2014) Higher subsoil carbon storage in species-rich than species-poor temperate forests. Environmentol Research Letters 9: 014007.

223) Seifert C, Leuschner C, Meyer S, Culmsee H (2014) Inter-relationships between crop type, management intensity and light transmissivity in annual crop systems and their effect on farmland plant diversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 195: 173-182.

222) Steffen K, Becker T, Leuschner C (2014) Diversitätsverluste und floristischer Wandel in der Fließgewässervegetation seit 1950. Natur und Landschaft 89: 405-409.

221) Steffen K, Leuschner C, Müller U, Wiegleb G, Becker T (2014) Relationships between macrophyte vegetation and physical and chemical conditions in northwest German running waters. Aquatic Botany 113: 46-55.


220) Beyer F, Hertel D, Jung K, Fender A-C, Leuschner C (2013) Competition effects on fine root survival of Fagus syvlatica and Fraxinus excelsior. Forest Ecology and Management 302: 14-22.

219) Beyer F, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2013) Fine root morphological and functional traits in Fagus sylvatica and Fraxinus excelsior saplings as dependent on species, root order and competition. Plant and Soil 373: 143-156.

218) Cesarz S, Fender A-C, Beyer F, Valtanen K, Pfeiffer B, Gansert D, Hertel D, Polle A, Daniel R, Leuschner C, Scheu S (2013). Beech promotes rhizosphere functioning by favouring fungi. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 61: 23-32.

217) Chenlemuge T, Hertel H, Dulamsuren C, Khishigjargal M, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2013) Extremely low fine root biomass in Larix sibirica forests at the southern drought limit of the boreal forest. Flora 208: 488-496.

216) Culmsee H, Leuschner C (2013) Consistent patterns of elevational change in tree taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity across Malesian mountain forests. Journal of Biogeography 40: 1997-2010.

215) Dittrich S, Hauck M, Jacob M, Rommerskirchen A, Leuschner C (2013) Response of ground vegetation and epiphyte diversity to natural age dynamics in a Central European mountain spruce forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 24: 675-687.

214) Dittrich S, Hauck M, Schweigatz D, Dörfler I, Hühne R, Bade C, Jacob M, Leuschner C (2013) Separating forest continuity from tree age effects on plant diversity in the ground and epiphyte vegetation of a Central European mountain spruce forest. Flora 208: 238-246.

213) Dulamsuren C, Hauck M, Leuschner C (2013) Seedling emergence and establishment of Pinus sylvestris in the Mongolian forest-steppe ecotone. Plant Ecology 214: 139-152.

212) Dulamsuren C, Wommelsdorf T, Zhao F, Xue Y, Zhumadilov BZ, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2013) Increased summer temperatures reduce the growth and regeneration of Larix sibirica in southern boreal forests of eastern Kazakhstan. Ecosystems 16: 1391-1403.

211) Fender A-C, Gansert D, Jungkunst HF, Fiedler S, Beyer F, Schützenmeister K, Thiele B, Valtanen K, Polle A, Leuschner C (2013) Root-induced tree species effects on the source/sink strength for greenhouse gases (CH4, N2O and CO2) of a temperate deciduous forest soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 57: 587–597.

210) Fender A-C, Leuschner C, Schützenmeister K, Gansert D, Jungkunst HF (201§) Rhizosphere effects of tree species – large reduction of N2O emissions by saplings of ash, but not of beech, in temperate forest soil. European Journal of Soil Biology 54: 7-15.

209) Hajek P, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2013) Intraspecific variation in root and leaf traits and leaf-root trait linkages in eight aspen demes (Populus tremula and P. tremuloides). Frontiers in Plant Science 4:415.

208) Härdtle W, Niemeyer T, Assmann T, Aulinger A, Fichtner A, Lang A, Leuschner C, Neuwirth B, Pfister L, Quante M, Ries C, Schuldt A, von Oheimb G (2013) Climate responses of tree-ring width and δ13C signatures of sessile oak (Quercus petraea Liebl.) on soils with contrasting water supply. Plant Ecology 214: 1147-1156.

207) Hauck M, Böning J, Jacob M, Dittrich S, Feussner I, Leuschner C (2013) Lichen substance concentrations in the lichen Hypogymnia physodes are correlated with heavy metal concentrations in the substratum. Environmental and Experimental Botany 85: 58-63.

206) Hauck M, de Bruyn U, Leuschner C (2013) Dramatic diversity losses in epiphytic lichens in temperate broad-leaved forests during the last 150 years. Biological Conservation 157: 136-145.

205) Hauck M, Jacob M, Dittrich S, Bade C, Leuschner C (2013) Natürliche Walddynamik und ihr Wert für Biodiversität und Ökosystemfunktionen: Ergebnisse einer Fallstudie aus dem Harz. Forstarchiv 84: 75-80.

204) Hertel D, Strecker T, Müller-Haubold H, Leuschner C (2013) Fine root biomass and dynamics in beech forests across a precipitation gradient – is optimal resource partitioning theory applicable to water-limited mature trees? Journal of Ecology 101: 1183-1200.

203) Homeier J, Leuschner C, Bräuning A, Cumbicus NL, Hertel D, Martinson GO, Spannl S, Veldkamp E (2013). Effects of nutrient addition on the productivity of montane forests and implications for the carbon cycle. In: Bendix J, Beck E, Bräuning A, Makeschin F, Mosandl R, Scheu S, Wilcke W (eds) Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Environmental Change in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of South Ecuador. Ecological Studies 221, Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 315-329.

202) Jacob A, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2013) On the significance of belowground overyielding in temperate mixed forests: separating species identity and species diversity effects. Oikos 122: 463-473.

201) Jacob M, Bade C, Calvete H, Dittrich S, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2013) Significance of over-mature and decaying trees for carbon stocks in a Central European natural spruce forest. Ecosystems 16: 336-346.

200) Khishigjargal M, Dulamsuren C, Lkhagvadorj D, Leuschner C, Hauck M (2013) Contrasting responses of seedling and sapling densities to livestock density in the Mongolian forest-steppe. Plant Ecology 214: 1391-1403.

199) Köcher P, Horna V, Leuschner C (2013) Stem water storage in five coexisting temperate broad-leaved tree species: significance, temporal dynamics and dependence on tree functional traits. Tree Physiology 33: 817-832.

198) Legner N, Fleck S, Leuschner C (2013) Low-light acclimation in five temperate broad-leaved tree species of different successional status: the significance of a shade canopy. Annals of Forest Science 70: 557-570.

197) Leuschner C (2013) Vegetation and ecosystems. In: Van der Maarel E, Franklin J (eds) Vegetation ecology. 2nd. ed. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, pp. 285-307.

196) Leuschner C, Bäuchler P, Wulf M, Hertel D (2013) Soil C and nutrient stores under Scots pine afforestations compared to ancient beech forests in the German Pleistocene: the role of tree species and forest history. Forest Ecology and Management 310: 405-415.

195) Leuschner C, Gebel S, Rose L (2013) Root trait responses of six grassland species to intensive mowing and NPK fertilisation: a field study in a temperate grassland. Plant and Soil 373: 687-698.

194) Leuschner C, Moser G, Hertel D, Erasmi S, Leitner D, Culmsee H, Schuldt B, Schwendenmann L (2013) Conversion of tropical moist forest into cacao agroforest: Consequences for carbon pools and annual C sequestration. Agroforestry Systems 87: 1173-1187.

193) Leuschner C, Zach A, Moser G, Homeier J, Graefe S, Hertel D, Wittich B, Soethe N, Iost S, Röderstein M, Horna V, Wolf K (2013) The carbon balance of tropical mountain forests along an altitudinal transect, Southern Ecuador. In: Bendix J, Beck E, Bräuning A, Makeschin F, Mosandl R, Scheu S, Wilcke W (eds) Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Environmental Change in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of South Ecuador. Ecological Studies 221, Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 117-139.

192) Meyer S, Wesche K, Krause B, Leuschner C (2013) Dramatic losses of specialist arable plants in Central Germany since the 1950s/60s – an cross-regional analysis. Diversity and Distributions 19: 1175-1187.

191) Müller A, Horna V, Kleemann F, Vornam B, Leuschner C (2013) Physiological vs. morphological traits controlling the productivity of six aspen full-sib families. Biomass and Bioenergy 56: 274-283.

190) Müller-Haubold H, Hertel D, Seidel D, Knutzen F, Leuschner C (2013) Climate responses of aboveground productivity and allocation in Fagus sylvatica: a transect study in mature forests. Ecosystems 16: 1498-1516.

189) Rose L, Rubarth MC, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2013) Management alters interspecific leaf trait relationships and trait-based species rankings in permanent meadows. Journal of Vegetation Science 24: 239-250.

188) Rose L, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2013) Livestock type effects on biomass and nitrogen partitioning in temperate pastures with different functional group abundance. Grass and Forage Science 68: 386-394.

187) Schuldt B, Brock N, Leuschner C, Brix S, Horna V (2013) Changes in wood density, wood anatomy and hydraulic properties of the xylem along the root-to-shoot flow path in tropical rainforest trees. Tree Physiology 33: 161-174.

186) Seidel D Leuschner C, Scherber C, Beyer F, Wommelsdorf T, Cahman MJ, Fehrmann L (2013) Tthe relationship between tree diversity, canopy space exploration and productivity in a temperate broad-leaved mixed forest. Forest Ecology and Management 310: 366-374.

185) Steffen K, Herr W, Becker T, Leuschner C (2013) Diversity loss in the macrophyte vegetation of northwest German streams and rivers between the 1950s and 2010. Hydrobiologia 713: 1-17.

184) Unger M, Homeier J, Leuschner C (2013) Relationships among leaf area index, below-canopy light availability and tree diversity along a transect from tropical lowland to montane forests in NE Ecuador. Tropical Ecology 54: 33-45.


183) Fender A-C, Pfeiffer B, Gansert D, Leuschner C, Daniel R, Jungkunst H (2012) The inhibiting effect of nitrate fertilisation on methane uptake of a temperate forest soil is influenced by labile carbon. Biology and Fertility of Soils 48, 621–631.

182) Gebauer T, Horna V, Leuschner C (2012) Canopy transpiration of pure and mixed forest stands with variable abundance of European beech. Journal of Hydrology 442-443: 2-14.

181) Hauck M, Javkhlan S, Lkhagvadorj D, Bayartogtokh B, Dulamsuren Ch, Leuschner C (2012) Edge and land-use effects on epiphytic lichen diversity in the forest-steppe ecotone of the Mongolian Altai. Flora 207: 450-458.

180) Hauck M, Zimmermann J, Jacob M, Dulamsuren C, Bade C, Ahrends B, Leuschner C (2012) Rapid recovery of stem increment in Norway spruce at reduced SO2 levels in the Harz Mountains, Germany. Environmental Pollution 164: 132-141.

179) Homeier J, Hertel D, Camenzind T, Cumbicus N, Maraun M, Martinson GO, Poma LN, Rillig MC, Sandmann D, Scheu S, Veldkamp E, Wilcke W, Wullaert H, Leuschner C (2012) Tropical Andean forests are highly susceptible to nutrient inputs – Rapid effects of experimental N and P addition to an Ecuadorian montane forest. PLOS ONE 7: e47128.

178) Kessler M, Hertel D, Jungkunst HF, Kluge J, Abrahamczyk S, Bos M, Buchori D, Gerold G, Gradstein SR, Köhler S, Leuschner C, Moser G, Pitopang R, Saleh S, Schulze CH, Sporn SG, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tjitrosoedirdjo SS, Tscharntke T (2012) Can joint carbon and biodiversity management in tropical agroforestry landscapes be optimized? PLOS ONE 7: e47192.

177) Köcher P, Horna V, Beckmeyer I, Leuschner C (2012) Hydraulic properties and embolism in small-diameter roots of five temperate broad-leaved tree species with contrasting drought tolerance.  Annals of Forest Science 69: 693-703.

176) Köcher P, Horna V, Leuschner C (2012) Environmental control of daily stem growth patterns in five temperate broad-leaved tree species. Tree Physiology 32:1021-1032.

175) Müller A, Horna V, Zhang C, Leuschner C (2012) Different growth strategies determine the carbon gain and productivity of aspen collectives to be used in short-rotation plantations. Biomass and Bioenergy 46: 242-250.

174) Petersen U, Wrage N, Köhler L, Leuschner C, Isselstein J (2012) Manipulating the species composition of permanent grasslands – a new approach to biodiversity experiments. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 1-9.

173) Rose L, Coners H, Leuschner C (2012) Effects of fertilization and cutting frequency on the water balance of a temperate grassland. Ecohydrology 5: 64-72.

172) Rose L, Leuschner C (2012) The diversity-productivity relationship in permanent grasslands: negligible diversity effect, dominant influence of management regime. Plant Ecology and Diversity 5: 265-274.

171) Seidel D, Fleck S, Leuschner C (2012) Analyzing forest canopies with ground-based laser scanning: A comparison with hemispherical photography. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 154-155: 1-8.

170) Storkey J, Meyer S, Mills KS, Leuschner C (2012) The impact of agricultural intensification and land use change on the European arable flora. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 279: 1421-1429.

169) Unger M, Homeier J, Leuschner C (2012) Effects of soil chemistry on tropical forest biomass and productivity at different elevations in the equatorial Andes. Oecologia 170: 263-274.

168) Wesche K, Krause B, Culmsee H, Leuschner C (2012) Fifty years of change in Central European grassland vegetation: large losses in species richness and animal-pollinated plants. Biological Conservation 150: 76-85.

167) Wittich B, Horna V, Homeier J, Leuschner C (2012) Altitudinal decrease in the photosynthetic capacity of tropical trees – a case study from Ecuador and a pan-tropical literature analysis. Ecosystems 15: 958-973.


166) Dulamsuren C, Hauck M, Leuschner HH, Leuschner C (2011) Climate response of tree-ring width in Larix sibirica growing in the drought-stressed forest-steppe ecotone of northern Mongolia. Annals of Forest Science 68: 275-282.

165) Fender A-C, Mantilla-Contreras J, Leuschner C (2011) Multiple environmental control of leaf area and its significance for the productivity in beech saplings. Trees 25: 847-857.

164) Fleck S, Mölder I, Jacob M, Gebauer T, Jungkunst HF, Leuschner C (2011) Comparison of conventional eight-point crown projections with LIDAR-based virtual crown projections in a temperate old-growth forest. Annals of Forest Science 68: 1173-1185.

163) Graefe S, Leuschner C, Coners H, Hertel D (2011) Root functioning in tropical high-elevation forests: environmental vs. biological control of root water absorption. Environmental and Experimenatl Botany 71: 329-336.

162) Hauck M, Otto PI, Dittrich S, Jacob M, Bade C, Dörfler I, Leuschner C (2011) Small increase in substratum pH causes the dieback of one of Europe's most common lichens, Lecanora conizaeoides. Annals of Botany 108: 359-366.

161) Horna V, Schuldt B, Leuschner C, Brix S (2011) Environment and tree size controlling stem sap flow in a perhumid tropical forest of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Annals of Forest Science 68: 1027-1038

160) Kleemann F, von Fragstein und Niemsdorff M, Vornam B, Müller A, Leuschner C, Holzschuh A, Tscharntke T, Finkeldey R, Polle A (2011) Relating ecologically important tree traits to associated organisms in full-sib aspen families. European Journal of Forest Research 130: 707-716.

159) Krause B, Culmsee H, Wesche K, Bergmeier E, Leuschner C (2011) Habitat loss of floodplain meadows in north Germany since the 1950s. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 2347-2364.

158) Meyer P, Schmidt M, Blick T, Brunet J, Dorow WHO, Hakes W, Härdtle W, Heinken T, Hertel D, Knapp HD, Leuschner C, von Oheimb G, Otte V, Schmidt W (2011) Stellungnahme zu Walentowski H. et al. 2010. Sind die deutschen Waldnaturschutzkonzepte adäquat für die Erhaltung der buchenwaldtypischen Flora und Fauna? Eine kritische Bewertung basierend auf der Herkunft der Waldarten des mitteleuropäischen Tief- und Hügellandes. (Forstarchiv 81: 195-217). Forstarchiv 82: 62-66.

157) Mölder I, Leuschner C, Leuschner HH (2011) δ13C signature of tree rings and radial increment of Fagus slyvatica trees as dependent on tree neighborhood and climate. Trees 25: 215-229.

156) Moser G, Leuschner C, Hertel D, Graefe S, Soethe N, Iost S (2011) Elevation effects on the carbon budget of tropical mountain forests (S Ecuador): The role of the belowground compartment. Global Change Biology 17: 2211-2226.

155) Müller A, Leuschner C, Horna V, Zhang C (2011) Photosynthetic characteristics and growth performance of closely related aspen taxa: on the systematic relatedness of the Eurasian Populus tremula and the North American P. tremuloides. Flora 207: 87-95.

154) Rewald B, Leuschner C, Wiesman Z, Ephrath JE (2011) Influence of salinity on root hydraulic properties of three olive varieties. Plant Biosystems 145: 12-22.

153) Schuch S, Bock J, Leuschner C, Schaefer M, Wesche K (2011) Minor changes in orthopteran assemblages of Central European protected dry grasslands during the last 40 years. Journal of Insect Conservation 15: 811-822.

152) Schuldt B, Leuschner C, Horna V, Moser G, Köhler M, Barus H (2011) Change in hydraulic properties and leaf traits in a tall rainforest tree subjected to long-term throughfall exclusion in the perhumid tropics. Biogeosciences 8: 2179-2194.

151) Seidel D, Beyer F, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2011) 3D-laser scanning: a non-destructive method for studying above-ground biomass and growth of juvenile trees. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151: 1305-11.

150) Seidel D, Fleck S, Leuschner C, Hammett T (2011) Review of ground based methods to measure the distribution of biomass in forest canopies. Annals of Forest Science 68: 225-244.

149) Seidel D, Leuschner C, Müller A, Krause B (2011) Crown deformations in mixed forests – quantifying asymmetric competition by terrestrial laser scanning. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 2123-2132.

Other publications

40 Leuschner C (2015) Monospecific and mixed stands of Fagus and Nothofagus species in the temperate zones of the world. Berichte der Reinhold Tüxen-Gesellschaft 27: 49-63.

39 Meyer S, Leuschner C (Hrsg) (2015) 100 Äcker für die Vielfalt – Initiativen zur Förderung der Ackerwildkrautflora in Deutschland. Universitätsverlag Göttingen, 351 S.

38 Leuschner C, Wesche K, Meyer S, Krause B, Steffen K, Becker T, Culmsee H (2013) Veränderungen und Verarmung in der Offenlandvegetation Norddeutschlands seit den 1950er Jahren: Wiederholungsaufnahmen in Äckern, Grünland und Fließgewässern. Berichte der Reinhold-Tüxen-Gesellschaft 25: 166-182.

37 Meyer S, Wesche K, Krause B, Leuschner C (2013) Veränderungen in der Segetalflora in den letzten Jahrzehnten und mögliche Konsequenzen für Agrarvögel. Julius-Kühn-Archiv (Quedlinburg) 442: 64-78.

36 Kohlbrecher C, Wesche K, Hilbig W, Leuschner C, Meyer S (2012) Veränderungen in der Segetalflora am Kyffhäusergebirge in den letzten 50 Jahren. Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz in Thüringen 49: 1-9.